10 Tips To Cut Miscarriage Risk
Miscarriages are surprisingly common, especially in early pregnancy. A miscarriage can occur for
a number of reasons and can be difficult to cope with at any stage of pregnancy.
What is a miscarriage?
It’s the loss of the foetus from the womb before it is able to survive independently.
In the US, the baby is seen as viable for life from about 24 weeks gestation. Babies born at this stage require intensive medical care to survive. A miscarriage can either be termed as early (in the irst 12 weeks) or late (after 12 weeks).
What causes miscarriage?
Many miscarriages occur because the foetus has a genetic abnormality. As the baby would not survive due to this abnormality, nature takes its course and the pregnancy is lost usually in the first trimester. In some cases, the mother’s womb is an irregular shape or the cervix may be weak. This means that her body is unable to continue to look after the growing foetus and the pregnancy is lost. These circumstances are often unavoidable, but there are some risk factors that can be avoided in an attempt to reduce the chances of a miscarriage. the chances of a miscarriage.
As many miscarriages occur in the irst few weeks of pregnancy, it’s advisable to try to eliminate some risk factors before you even fall pregnant.
1. Get checked out. Before you consider starting a family, have a full check-up. Ask your doctor to run some basic blood tests and have a full medical. This will ensure that you are in the best possible condition before falling pregnant. You may also want to check your rubella (German measles) immunity. Rubella exposure in pregnancy can lead to foetal abnormalities and increase your risk of miscarriage.
2. Get healthy. Start taking care of your body as soon as possible, which includes ditching the booze, increased alcohol consumption in early pregnancy has been linked to miscarriages. Of course, you should also stay clear of any recreational drug use. Some medication should also be avoided in early pregnancy, so tell your doctor or pharmacist that you may be pregnant before taking any over-the-counter or prescription drugs. Eat a well-balanced, nutritious diet that will help you to support the growth of your baby.
3. Stop smoking. Tobacco use in pregnancy is linked to miscarriages. Try to stop smoking before you fall pregnant, as this will improve your health and that of your future child.
4. Attain a healthy weight. Ensure that you are not underweight or overweight as both increase your risk of miscarriage. Ask your healthcare provider to work out your BMI (body mass index), which will tell you what your healthy weight range is.
5. Maternal age. Women over the age of 35 are at a greater risk of miscarriage and will be monitored closely during what is considered to be a high-risk pregnancy.
1. Regular check-ups. It’s important to ensure that you stick to the scheduled check-ups throughout your pregnancy. This will enable your doctor or midwife to detect any complications early on and implement preventative measures.
2. Take folic acid. Taking a folic acid supplement in the irst trimester will help prevent any neural-tube defects. These abnormalities have been known to increase your risk of miscarriage in the irst trimester.
3. Exercise. Regular, gentle exercise throughout your pregnancy will help to keep you and your growing baby healthy. However, avoid any strenuous activities such as heavy weight lifting. This can put pressure on your cervix, and possibly result in miscarriage.
4. Eat well. Certain foods are considered unsafe to eat during pregnancy. These include raw meat and ish, undercooked eggs and some soft cheeses as they can put you at risk of contracting salmonella or listeria, which are known risk factors for miscarriage.
5. Limit stress. Women who are exposed to high levels of stress at home or at work are at a greater risk of miscarriage. Try to manage your stress levels by taking time out of your daily routine to relax. Whether it’s a long, warm bath or reading a book, you and your growing baby will beneit from some down time.
If you have had three or more miscarriages in a row, you should seek the advice of a specialist. Comprehensive screening of the mother as well as genetic screening of the couple is usually done. If a cause is found, it can then be treated. However, it’s important to note that a deinitive cause may not be found.